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肝癌患者疼痛时期怎么护理才能缓解疼痛?

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发表于 2015-7-20 16:19:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

  肝癌患者病情到了一定程度,会出现不同程度的疼痛,有的可能轻微痛苦,有的则是痛不欲生,这时候要根据患者的情况而定。北京307医院CTC肿瘤生物治疗中心专家为大家介绍肝癌患者疼痛时怎样才能止痛。
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  肝癌患者疼痛时期怎么护理才能缓解疼痛?
  1、注意力转移止痛法
  可根据病人的爱好,放一些快声调的音乐,让病人边欣赏边随节奏作拍手动作;或可让病人看一些笑话、幽默小说,说一段相声取乐。还可以让病人坐在舒适的椅子上,闭上双眼,回想自己童年有趣的乐事,或者想自己愿意想的任何事,每次15分钟,一般在进食后2小时进行,事后闭目静坐2分钟,这些都可以达到转移止痛的目的。
  2、放松止痛法
  如何帮助肝癌患者减少疼痛全身松驰可以让人有轻快感,肌肉松弛可阻断疼痛反应。可以让病人闭上双目,作叹气、打呵气等动作,随后屈髋屈膝平卧、放松腹肌、背肌、缓慢作腹式呼吸。或者叫病人在幽静环境里闭目进行深而慢的吸气与呼气,使清新空气进入肺部,达到止痛目的。
  3、体表止痛法
  可通过刺激疼痛部位周围的皮肤或相对应的健侧达到止痛目的。刺激方法可采用按摩、涂清凉止痛药等,也可采用各种温度的刺激,或用65℃热水袋放在湿毛巾上作局部热敷,每次20分钟,可取得一定的止痛效果。
  4、生物免疫治疗止痛法
  患者在治疗期间配合生物免疫治疗可提升患者的抵抗力,增强抗癌功能,缓解患者的痛苦。整个过程无痛苦无副作用,可提高患者的生存质量,延长患者的生存期。
  5.转移止痛法
  可让病人坐在舒适的椅子上,闭上双眼,回想自己童年有趣的乐事,或者想自己愿意想的任何事,每次15分钟,一般在进食后2小时进行,事后要闭目静坐2分钟;也可根据病人的爱好,选放一些快声调的音乐,让病人边欣赏边随节奏作拍打、拍手等动作;还可让病人看一些笑话、幽默小说,说一段相声乐取。这些都可以达到转移止痛的目的。
  温馨提示:在这个时期,患者家属要有足够的耐心和细心来陪伴患者度过,给予患者心灵上的安慰,另外患者本身也要放开心扉,保持乐观的心态,积极对抗癌魔。

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匿名  发表于 2015-7-28 06:31:41
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发表于 2015-8-15 22:09:59 | 显示全部楼层
肝癌即肝脏恶性肿瘤,可分为原发性和继发性两大类。原发性肝脏恶性肿瘤起源于肝脏的上皮或间叶组织,前者称为原发性肝癌,是我国高发的,危害极大的恶性肿瘤;后者称为肉瘤,与原发性肝癌相比较较为少见。继发性或称转移性肝癌系指全身多个器官起源的恶性肿瘤侵犯至肝脏。一般多见于胃、胆道、胰腺、结直肠、卵巢、子宫、肺、乳腺等器官恶性肿瘤的肝转移。
北京武警三院专家再次受邀参加2015第二届诺贝尔奖获得者医学峰会并发表学术演讲,武警北京市总队第三医院是一所集医疗、预防、科研、教学、保健为一体的三级综合医院。
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发表于 2015-9-9 22:41:40 | 显示全部楼层
真正围观中...-_-
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匿名  发表于 2015-10-23 09:48:30
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发表于 2015-10-23 11:22:56 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2015-10-24 03:49:29 | 显示全部楼层
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匿名  发表于 2015-10-28 17:52:10
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